Topaz & Citrine - November Birthstone
November 5th, 2018
Posted In: Know Your Jewelry
Can you believe it is already November?! This month we recognize those born in the eleventh month of the year as well as their birth stones, Topaz and Citrine.
Pure topaz is a colorless stone, measuring an 8 on the Mohs scale, but can be any color in the rainbow. These colors are created by the Topaz being introduced to impurities in the earth. While a Topaz is found in an array of color, naturally occurring pink and blue topaz is very rare. Cheap versions are created by exposing a clear topaz with different levels of heat. Before Topaz was defined as its own gemstone, all yellow stones were considered “Tapazes”. Later is was found that a number of the stones were actually not related in any way and were given their own names.
Topaz is treasured in many cultures. Hindus and African Shamans believe this is a scared stone that brings wisdom and longevity to the wearer. During the European Renaissance it was used to quell anger and break spells. All the way back to 1255, St.Hildegard of Bingen, a famous mystic swore that Topaz that was steeped in wine for three days then rubbed on your eyes would cure poor sight!
The American Golden Topaz weighs a whopping 22,892 carats and is the third largest faceted gemstone in the world. Originally from Brazil, this stone is now at the Natural History Smithsonian Museum on Washington, DC.
Natural Citrine is characterized by its beautiful pale yellow to brown/ orange hues. The name was inspired by the French word “citron” for lemon, because of the close color family between the fruit and citrine stones. Natural citrine is very rare, so most citrine stones you see in jewelry are heat treated amethyst, both being a part of the quartz family.
Angelina Jolie and designer Robert Procop worked together to create the “Jolie Citrine Necklace”, now at the Smithsonian Institution’s National Gem Collection. The necklace which is displayed in the same room as the Hope Diamond features a 177 carat pear shape citrine accented by 64 cushion cut citrine stones all set in 18 karat gold.
Happy Birthday November babies!!!
Braid. Fara. Topaz Symbolism. International Gem Society. https://www.gemsociety.org/article/history-legend-topaz-gems-yore/
Citrine. GIA. https://www.gia.edu/citrine
DeMarco, Anthony. 2015, December 12. Angelina Jolie Donates Yellow Citrine Necklace to Smithsonian. Forbes. https://www.forbes.com/sites/anthonydemarco/2015/12/11/angelina-jolie-donates-yellow-citrine-necklace-to-smithsonian/#790c96e57b87
November Birthstones. American Gem Society. https://www.americangemsociety.org/page/novemberbirthstones
Topaz. Wikepedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Topaz
Topaz Meaning, Powers and History. Jewels for Me. https://www.jewelsforme.com/topaz-meaning